Nature or nurture: Decoding DNA of the Entrepreneur

I got to know this study while watching a TED Talk video What can fear teach us by Karen Thompson Walker.  Network Solution Small Business published an article What Trait Do Successful Entrepreneurs Have in Common? by Maria Valdez Haubrich. Here is the article in full

Are entrepreneurs made, or born? In other words, are the characteristics needed to be a successful small business owner innate or can they be learned? According to a new study by Ernst & Young, the answer to this puzzle is…well, a bit of both.

The study, Nature or Nurture: Decoding the Entrepreneur (click the link to download the study), surveyed 685 entrepreneurs worldwide as well as winners of Ernst & Young’s Entrepreneur of the Year award. The results challenge the notion that entrepreneurs tend to start businesses without a formal education and without experiencing corporate life.

Nearly half (45 percent) of respondents did not start their first business until they were age 30 or over. Almost 60 percent said they had previously worked in a corporate environment before striking out on their own.

Asked what was the most important source of learning that helped them with their business, one-third of respondents said it was their experience as an employee, 30 percent said it was higher education, and 26 percent said it was a mentor or mentors.

“Entrepreneurial leaders are defined as much by their early business experience, cultural background and external environment as they are by any innate personal characteristics,” said Maria Pinelli, Global Vice Chair Strategic Growth Markets for Ernst & Young, in announcing the study results. “Nurture, not nature, does appear to be more important in shaping the entrepreneurial mindset.”

But not so fast. At the same time, the study found that successful entrepreneurs share certain behaviors and attitudes that are differentiate them from the average corporate employee or CEO. When asked to name the top three most important qualities of an entrepreneurial leader, more than three-fourths of those surveyed said ‘having a vision’, 73 percent said ‘passion’ and 64 percent said ‘drive’.

“These findings highlight that most successful entrepreneurs share a unique combination of seeing opportunity where others see only risk,” said Pinelli. “And they tend to be optimists and believe they can succeed despite the fact that everyone else is telling them they cannot.”

For those who’ve got the entrepreneurial combination of nature and nurture, starting just one business is not enough. Sixty percent had started three or more companies, 20 percent had launched six or more and 10 percent said they had founded more than 10 companies so far.


Published in: on January 7, 2013 at 12:42 pm  Leave a Comment  
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Kitabu kipya cha Issa Shivji-Insha za Mapambano ya Wanyonge

Kitabu kipya cha Prof. Issa Shivji – Insha za Mapambano ya wanyonge,kitazinduliwa tarehe 12 – 13 Aprili kwenye Tamasha la Mwalimu Nyerere. Maelezo zaidi tembelea UDADISI

Bei ya kitabu ni Tsh 18,000/=

Nakala moja moja wakati wa kuzindua kitabu ni Tsh 15,000/=

Bei ya jumla (kuanzia nakala 20) ni Tsh 13,500/=

Published in: on March 30, 2012 at 10:10 am  Leave a Comment  
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Steve Jobs biography by Walter Isaacson

In October 24th 19 days after Job’s death, the official biograpy of Steve Jobs was released with records on sales. The author Isaacson is co-founder of Apple.

Am looking foward to read his life more.

Published in: on December 15, 2011 at 7:39 am  Leave a Comment  

A word from Seifi School Centre

Seifi School Centre

Seifi School Centre is a bookshop and a part of Seifi Group of Companies. It was established in 1993 to support the call of the Government to promote academic institutions in the country. The basic aim is to provide the most up to date and currently available educational books and materials in all fields of learning from Pre school, Primary School, Secondary school, colleges, University and other related institutions plus Libraries. It is one of the most popular and modern book shops in the country.

Seifi School Centre started as a retail shop but today has expanded and is the largest suppliers of all kind of books to schools, institutions, universities, ministries, NGO’s, banks and various other institutes not only in Dar es Salaam but in Tanzania. In short the centre has become a; ” A Gate to the world of knowledge”.

Published in: on September 10, 2011 at 2:30 pm  Leave a Comment  
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Book on Commoditization of Culture for Tourism

With compliment from Chambi of Udadisi
Book on Commoditization of Culture for Tourism
If you are interested in studying and practicing people-centred tourism here is a link to a book by a Tanzanian PhD student in Finland:

You may also wish to check out his M.A Dissertation on cultural tourism in Arusha through this link: . His website/blog’s address is

Published in: on July 28, 2011 at 9:42 am  Leave a Comment  

SLUM EDUCATION: Making Low Income Schools Relevant by James Kathuri & Josephat Juma

SLUM EDUCATION: Making Low Income Schools Relevant by James Kathuri & Josephat Juma

Free download book published by Inter Region Economic Network (IREN) which is an African think tank that promotes ideas and strategies geared towards improving the living standards in Africa

Education is a fundamental human right and an essential tool for improving the quality of life, making informed choices and achieving development. James Kathuri and Josephat Juma discuss this question in a pre-emptive manner when they explore the need for an educational system that responds to environmental needs.

Published in: on January 10, 2011 at 1:46 pm  Leave a Comment  
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Andikia Toleo Maalumu la Chemchemi/Contribute to the Special Issue of Chemchemi – 30/11/2010

From Chambi Chachage

Kwa niaba ya wahariri wa Jarida la Kitaaluma la Chemchemi, nawatumia wito huo hapo chini wa kuandika katika toleo maalumu la miaka 50 ya Afrika/On behalf of the the editors of Chemchemi: Fountain of Ideas, I forward to you the call below to contribute to a special issue on Africa at 50. Unaweza kuandika makala/mada yoyote isiyozidi maneno 4,000 kwa Kiswahili au Kiingerea kuhusu hali au mwelekeo wa kisiasa, kiuchumi, kijamii, kiaendeleo na kitaaluma wa Afrika toka nchi zake zilipopata uhuru kwa wingi takribani miaka 50 iliyopita/You may write any article/text that does not exceed 4,000 words on Africa’s political, economic, social, developmental and intellectual trajectory since many of its countries became independent about 50 years or so ago. Mwisho ya kupokea makala ni 30 Novemba 2010/Deadline for submission is 30 November 2010. Itume kwa/Send to:

Prof. Issa Shivji:; Dr. Adolf Mkenda ; Dr. Opportuna Kweka: ; Jacqueline Mgumia: ; Walter Luanda:; Chambi Chachage:

Chambi Chachage – Mhariri Mwalikwa/Guest Editor

This and next year many African countries, including Tanzania (Tanganyika) will be celebrating 50 years of their independence. Next year the University of Dar es Salaam will be celebrating its 50 years. Half a century is not a short period even in the life of a nation, more so in the case of a university. This is the occassion to look back, take stock and critically reflect on 50 years since we reclaimed our sovereignty and our right to think for ourselves. On this occassion, the editors of Chemchemi have decided to bring out a special combined issue (No. 4 & 5) of Chemchemi.

The special issue will be both in English and Kiswahili. We are now inviting articles in either language on any topic relevant to the theme. Where did we begin? Where are we at? Where is uhuru? What have been our problems, successes? What is our place in the global world today? What is the direction of our development? How do we assess various political and economic “experiments” tried out in Africa, in Tanzania? How do we periodise and understand 50 years of independence?

What is the state of higher education today? What have been the debates, discourses and discussions at the University fo Dar es Salaam, among African intellectuals? Can we look back and say: yes, indeed we played our role? Or have we abdicated our responsibility as the mirror of society? Where is the vision – Pan-Africanism, Freedom, Dignity – of the first generation of African nationalists? You may choose any topic/theme of your interest on which you believe you can make a contribution. Your contibution may be in the form of an article, or a review article based on a book or books, or a short story, poem etc.

1. Articles should not exceed 4000 words. They should be written in simple, clear style. Please minimise the number of footnotes. You may append a short list of references/bibliography at the end of your contribution.

2. An electronic copy of your contribution should reach the editors (whose emails are in the cc line) by November 30th, 2010. The special issue will be launched during the 3rd Julius Nyerere Intellectual Festival week beginning April 12, 2011.

We are expecting that you will respond enthusiastically in the great intellectual tradition of progressive debates which was the hallmark of the Hill.

Issa Shivji
Adold Mkenda
Opportuna Kweka
Jacquiline Mgumia

Issa G. Shivji
Mwalimu Nyerere University Professor of Pan-African Studies
University of Dar es Salaam
P. O. Box 35091
Dar es Salaam – Tanzania
Tel: 255-(0)22 – 2410 763
Cell: 255 (0) 754 475 372
Res. 255-(0)22-2118 620
Published in: on July 17, 2010 at 11:50 am  Leave a Comment  
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